At least 35 attacks on health workers and facilities occurred in Iraq in 2017. These included violence against health workers and attacks on health facilities.

ISIS or Islamic State was responsible for 12 attacks on health facilities or staff. The US-led coalition forces carried out five attacks on health facilities. In at least three cases, Iraqi government officials blocked access to care, and imprisoned or punished medical workers who lived and worked under ISIS rule. Unidentified perpetrators launched four rocket or missile attacks on health buildings, killing three health workers, wounding 12, and damaging at least two hospitals and at least one ambulance. Further, chemical weapons were used to target health workers. Almost six health workers suffered symptoms such as watery eyes and breathing difficulties after an explosion from an unknown source took place near their medical post.