In Yemen, the Saudi Arabia-led coalition launched airstrikes that hit 254 medical facilities within the first 500 days of the military intervention, including health facilities operated and supported by Doctors without Borders (MSF). The most recent attack on a health facility killed at least 15 people when coalition warplanes bombed Abs Hospital in Yemen’s Hajjah governorate on 15 August 2016. Three other hospitals supported by MSF have allegedly been targeted by Saudi-led coalition warplanes: Shiara Hospital in the Saada governorate on 10 January 2016 in which five people were killed and eight others were injured; Alhouban Clinic in the Taiz governorate on 2 December 2015 in which nine people were wounded including two MSF staff members; and Haydan Hospital in the Saada governorate on 26 October 2015 in which one person was wounded.

Houthi rebels have besieged the city of Taiz since April 2015, only allowing aid to enter once every three months. The lack of supplies forced at least 37 of the city’s 40 hospitals and medical institutions to close. Some 8,000 sick and injured people have received little or no medical care, including 200 in urgent need of surgery.

According to the 2016 Humanitarian Needs Overview, over 14 million people lack sufficient access to health care in Yemen, and over 19 million people lack clean water and sanitation. This is primarily due to coalition airstrikes and their aerial and naval blockade of the country. The number of suspected cholera cases in Yemen continues to rise, reaching 101,820 with 791 deaths as of 7 June 2017.

According to the United Nations Children’s Fund, nearly 10,000 children under the age of five have died from preventable diseases due to the collapse of the country’s health care system. Moreover, 10 million children, 80 percent of Yemen’s total child population, are in need of urgent humanitarian aid and 320,000 children are at risk of severe acute malnutrition.